Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth, such as periodontitis (gum disease) and gingivitis.
Periodontists are dental specialists who have completed additional education and training in periodontology. They work closely with general dentists to provide comprehensive care for patients with periodontal disease.
Periodontology includes a range of services, including:
- Periodontal exams: Regular exams can help detect and prevent gum disease and other periodontal problems.
- Scaling and root planing: A deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from below the gumline and smooths the roots of the teeth to prevent further buildup.
- Gum grafts: A surgical procedure that involves taking tissue from another part of the mouth and attaching it to the gums to cover exposed tooth roots and prevent further gum recession.
- Dental implants: A surgical procedure that involves placing artificial tooth roots into the jawbone to support a dental crown or bridge.
- Pocket reduction surgery: A surgical procedure that involves removing diseased tissue and reducing the depth of gum pockets to prevent further damage to the teeth and gums.
Periodontal disease is a common problem that affects millions of people worldwide. It can lead to serious oral health problems, such as tooth loss and bone loss, as well as systemic health problems, such as heart disease and diabetes. By providing early detection and treatment of periodontal disease, periodontists can help patients maintain healthy gums and teeth and improve their overall health and well-being.