Laser Eye Surgery
Laser eye surgery, also known as refractive surgery, is a type of surgical procedure used to correct vision problems such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism. The most common type of laser eye surgery is called LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis), which uses a laser to reshape the cornea of the eye to correct the refractive error.
During the LASIK procedure, the surgeon creates a thin flap on the surface of the cornea using a microkeratome or femtosecond laser. The flap is then lifted, and a second laser is used to reshape the cornea to correct the refractive error. The flap is then replaced, and the eye is left to heal naturally.
Other types of laser eye surgery include PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) and LASEK (laser epithelial keratomileusis), which also involve reshaping the cornea with a laser but do not involve creating a flap.
Laser eye surgery is generally considered safe and effective, but as with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of laser eye surgery with a qualified eye surgeon before making a decision to undergo the procedure.