Hip arthroplasty, also known as hip replacement surgery, is a surgical procedure used to replace a damaged or diseased hip joint with an artificial implant.
The procedure involves removing the damaged or diseased parts of the hip joint and replacing them with a metal or ceramic implant. The implant consists of a socket, which is placed into the pelvic bone, and a ball, which is attached to the top of the femur (thigh bone).
Hip arthroplasty may be recommended for individuals with severe hip pain and disability due to conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or hip fracture.
The goal of hip arthroplasty is to relieve pain, improve mobility and function, and increase the quality of life for individuals with hip joint damage or disease.
Recovery after hip arthroplasty can take several weeks to several months, and typically involves physical therapy and rehabilitation to regain strength and mobility in the hip joint.