Adjustable Gastric Band
An adjustable gastric band (AGB) is a type of weight loss surgery that involves placing an inflatable band around the upper part of the stomach to create a smaller stomach pouch.
During the AGB procedure, the surgeon makes several small incisions in the abdomen and inserts a laparoscope, a small camera that allows the surgeon to view the internal organs. The surgeon then places an adjustable silicone band around the upper part of the stomach, creating a small pouch above the band. The band is connected to a port that is placed under the skin of the abdomen, and can be adjusted by adding or removing saline solution through the port.
The AGB procedure is considered a restrictive weight loss surgery, meaning that it restricts the amount of food that can be consumed by creating a smaller stomach pouch. The band can be adjusted over time to achieve the desired level of restriction, and can be removed if necessary.
AGB is typically recommended for individuals with a BMI of 30 to 40 who have not been able to achieve weight loss through diet and exercise alone. It is considered to be a less invasive option than other types of weight loss surgery, and has a lower risk of complications. However, it is important to note that AGB can lead to complications such as band slippage or erosion, and may require revision surgery.
As with any weight loss surgery, it is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of AGB with a qualified healthcare provider before making a decision. It is also important to follow a strict diet and exercise plan after surgery in order to achieve and maintain weight loss.