Stomach folding, also known as gastric plication or gastric imbrication, is a type of restrictive weight loss surgery that involves folding and stitching the stomach in order to create a smaller stomach pouch.
During the procedure, the surgeon makes several small incisions in the abdomen and inserts a laparoscope, a small camera that allows the surgeon to view the internal organs. The surgeon then folds the stomach inward, creating a smaller pouch, and stitches the folds together to keep them in place. This reduces the amount of space in the stomach and restricts the amount of food that can be consumed.
Unlike other types of weight loss surgery, stomach folding does not involve any removal of stomach tissue or rerouting of the digestive system. This means that it is considered to be a reversible procedure, as the stomach can be unfolded and returned to its normal size if necessary.
Stomach folding is typically recommended for individuals with a BMI between 35 and 40 who have not been able to achieve weight loss through lifestyle changes and other interventions. It is considered to be a less invasive option than other types of weight loss surgery, and has a lower risk of complications. However, it is important to note that stomach folding is still a major surgical procedure and carries risks, such as bleeding, infection, and anesthesia-related issues.
As with any weight loss surgery, it is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of stomach folding with a qualified healthcare provider before making a decision. It is also important to follow a balanced diet and exercise program after surgery in order to achieve and maintain weight loss.