Oculoplastic surgery is a type of surgical procedure that is performed to treat conditions that affect the eyelids, tear ducts, orbit (eye socket), and surrounding facial structures. This type of surgery is also known as oculofacial plastic surgery or oculoplastics.
There are several types of oculoplastic surgery, including:
- Blepharoplasty: This procedure involves removing excess skin, fat, and muscle from the upper and/or lower eyelids to improve the appearance and function of the eyelids.
- Ptosis repair: This procedure involves tightening the muscle that lifts the eyelid to correct drooping of the eyelid.
- Entropion/ectropion repair: These procedures involve correcting eyelid malposition that causes the eyelid to turn inward (entropion) or outward (ectropion).
- Orbital decompression: This procedure involves removing bone from the eye socket to relieve pressure on the eye in patients with thyroid eye disease or other conditions that cause bulging of the eyes.
- Lacrimal surgery: This procedure involves repairing or bypassing a blocked tear duct to improve tear drainage and relieve tearing.
- Facial rejuvenation: This procedure involves using injectable fillers, Botox, or other techniques to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines around the eyes and forehead.
Oculoplastic surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis, and the specific procedure used will depend on the patient’s individual condition and needs. It is important to have a thorough consultation with an oculoplastic surgeon to determine if surgery is appropriate and which procedure is best for you.