Orbital surgery is a type of surgical procedure that is performed to treat conditions that affect the eye socket (orbit) and the structures within it, such as the eyeball, extraocular muscles, and optic nerve.
There are several conditions that may require orbital surgery, including:
- Orbital fractures: This occurs when one or more bones in the eye socket are broken. Orbital surgery may be needed to repair the fracture and restore normal eye function.
- Orbital tumors: These are abnormal growths that develop in the eye socket. Orbital surgery may be needed to remove the tumor and prevent further damage to surrounding structures.
- Graves’ disease: This is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland and can cause bulging of the eyes (proptosis) and other eye problems. Orbital surgery may be needed to decompress the eye socket and relieve pressure on the eye.
- Orbital cellulitis: This is a bacterial infection that affects the tissues surrounding the eye socket. Orbital surgery may be needed to drain the infected fluid and prevent further spread of the infection.
The specific surgical technique used will depend on the patient’s individual condition and needs. Orbital surgery may involve making an incision around the eye to access the orbit, or it may be performed through the nose or mouth.
After orbital surgery, the patient may experience some pain, swelling, and bruising around the eye area. It is important to follow the post-operative instructions provided by the surgeon to ensure proper healing and minimize the risk of complications.
Orbital surgery is a complex procedure that requires the expertise of a highly skilled surgeon. It is important to have a thorough consultation with an oculoplastic surgeon or orbital specialist to determine if surgery is appropriate and which procedure is best for you.