A general examination, also known as a check-up or a physical examination, is a routine medical evaluation that aims to assess a person’s overall health and identify any existing or potential health problems. During a general examination, a healthcare professional will typically take a detailed medical history, perform a physical examination, and order any necessary diagnostic tests, such as blood tests or imaging studies.
The medical history component of a general examination involves asking questions about the person’s current symptoms, past medical history, medications, allergies, and family history of medical conditions. The physical examination component involves a thorough examination of the person’s vital signs (such as blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature), head and neck, chest and lungs, abdomen, musculoskeletal system, and skin.
A general examination is an important part of maintaining good health and detecting health problems early. It is generally recommended that adults undergo a general examination at least once a year, although the frequency may vary depending on a person’s age, overall health, and medical history.