Mammography is a type of medical imaging that uses low-dose X-rays to visualize the breast tissue and detect any abnormalities, such as lumps or masses, that may be indicative of breast cancer or other breast-related diseases. Mammography is commonly used as a screening tool for breast cancer, especially in women over the age of 50 or those with a family history of the disease. It can also be used to investigate any breast-related symptoms, such as breast pain, nipple discharge, or a lump in the breast. The procedure involves compressing the breast tissue between two plates to obtain a clear image of the tissue.

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