Urology examination involves the evaluation of the urinary and reproductive systems in both men and women. The examination typically includes a medical history review, a physical exam, and various diagnostic tests such as urinalysis, urine culture, blood tests, imaging studies, and biopsies. During the physical exam, the urologist will examine the genitals, prostate gland (in men), and pelvic organs (in women) to check for abnormalities or signs of disease. The urologist may also perform a digital rectal exam (DRE) to check the prostate gland and a cystoscopy to look inside the bladder and urethra. Other diagnostic tests that may be performed include urodynamic testing, ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI. The purpose of the urology examination is to identify any underlying medical conditions and provide appropriate treatment to prevent further complications.