HbA1c, Insulin Level
HbA1c and Insulin Level are two important tests used to diagnose and monitor diabetes.
HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin) is a blood test that measures the average blood sugar level over the past 2-3 months. This test is used to diagnose diabetes and to monitor blood sugar control in people with diabetes. A high HbA1c level indicates poor blood sugar control and an increased risk of complications.
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps regulate blood sugar levels. Insulin resistance, where the body does not respond to insulin properly, is a common precursor to Type 2 diabetes. An Insulin Level test measures the amount of insulin in the blood to help diagnose insulin resistance and diabetes.
Both tests are typically done after an overnight fast, and your healthcare provider may recommend additional testing or treatment based on the results.